Published: 2019-03-31

Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification

Daria Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka , Aneta Antolik , Kinga Dziedzic , Michał A. Glinicki , Karolina Gibas


The paper presents investigations into the reactivity of aggregates from igneous rock, carried out in accordance with the procedures contained in the GDDKiA General Technical Specification "Concrete pavements". The aim of the investigations was evaluation of the suitability of the aggregates for road structures and pavements built using cement based concrete technology. Aggregates produced from extrusive rocks (basalt, melaphyre and porphyry) and from intrusive rocks (granite and gabbro) were analysed. The mineral composition of the aggregates was evaluated with regard to their reactive SiO2 content. Expansion tests on mortar bar and concrete prism specimens with analysed aggregates and a microscopic analysis of the alkali-aggregate reaction products were carried out. A considerable amount of reactive minerals: chalcedony, tridymite and microcrystalline quartz and volcanic glass were found in the grains of the porphyry and melaphyre aggregates. On the basis of the conducted investigations the two aggregates made of igneous rocks (melaphyre and porphyry) were classified into category R1 (moderately reactive). The basalt aggregate, the granite aggregate and the gabbro aggregate were assigned to category R0 (non-reactive).


aggregate, alkali reactivity, alkali silica gel, cristobalite, igneous rocks, microcrystalline quartz, reactive minerals.

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Jóźwiak-Niedźwiedzka, D., Antolik, A., Dziedzic, K., Glinicki, M. A., & Gibas, K. (2019). Resistance of selected aggregates from igneous rocks to alkali-silica reaction: verification. Roads and Bridges - Drogi I Mosty, 18(1), 67–83.

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