Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
22, 1, 2023, 41-61

Analysis of selected mechanical properties of mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures (MCE)

Bohdan Dołżycki Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-0448-8069
Gdańsk University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk
Mariusz Jaczewski Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4722-2957
Gdańsk University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk
Cezary Szydłowski Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-7454-2908
Gdańsk University of Technology, Faculty of Civil and Environmental Engineering, 11/12 G. Narutowicza Str., 80-233 Gdańsk
Wojciech Bańkowski Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2602-4014
Road and Bridge Research Institute, 1 Instytutowa Str., 03-302 Warsaw
Marcin D. Gajewski Mail
http://orcid.org/0000-0002-3171-8504
Road and Bridge Research Institute, 1 Instytutowa Str., 03-302 Warsaw and Warsaw University of Technology, Faculty of Civil Technology
Published: 2023-03-31

Abstract

In recent years mineral-cement-emulsion (MCE) mixtures have been increasingly used in rehabilitation and reconstruction of pavements. The material gains popularity due to the fact that it enables rational and ecological reuse of reclaimed material from old bituminous pavements, including material containing tar binders. Testing of basic properties of mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures – such as air void content, indirect tensile strength or stiffness modulus – enables determination of the required proportion of added new aggregate and the content of binding agents used. While such tests are sufficient at the stage of MCE mixture design, they do not enable wider analysis of the behavior of the material – particularly of its future performance in pavement structure. This paper presents advanced testing of MCE mixtures, encompassing tests that reflect performance of the material in pavement. Properties that were determined in order to better understand the character of behavior of MCE mixtures included: fracture parameters in semi-circular bending (SCB) test, stiffness moduli in SPT device and fatigue characteristics. The performed tests provide better insight into behavior of MCE mixtures in pavement structures and enable formulation of useful conclusions for MCE mixture design.

Keywords


cracking resistance, mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures, recycling, road base, road pavement structure.

Full Text:

PDF PDF

References


Dołżycki B., Jaskuła P.: Review and evaluation of cold recycling with bitumen emulsion and cement for rehabilitation of old pavements. Journal of Traffic and Transportation Engineering, 6, 4, 2019, 311-323, DOI: 10.1016/j.jtte.2019.02.002

Chomicz-Kowalska A., Stępień J.: Cost and eco-effective cold in-place recycled mixtures with foamed bitumen during the reconstruction of a road section under variable load bearing capacity of the subgrade. Procedia Engineering, 161, 2016, 980-989, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.08.837

Firlej S., Kukiełka J.: Load bearing capacity of a national road with base course made of mineral-cement-emulsion mixture after 12 years of exploitation. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 18, 3, 2019, 211-226, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.019.014

Iwański M., Mazurek G., Buczyński P., Iwański M.M.: Effects of hydraulic binder composition on the rheological characteristics of recycled mixtures with foamed bitumen for full depth reclamation. Construction and Building Materials, 330, 2022, ID article: 127274, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.127274

Trykoz L., Rezunenko M., Pustovoitova O., Semenova- -Kulish V., Borodin D.: Water absorption kinetics of bitumen modified cement mortars. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 21, 2, 2022, 167-178, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.022.010

Mazurek G., Iwański M., Buczyński P., Horodecka R.: Influence of innovative three-element binder on permanent deformations in recycled mixtures with emulsion and foamed bitumen. Archives of Civil and Mechanical Engineering, 21, 55, 2021, DOI: 10.1007/s43452-021-00192-9

Bocci M., Grilli A., Cardone F., Graziani A.: A study on the mechanical behaviour of cement-bitumen treated materials. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 2, 2011, 773-778, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.07.007

Kukiełka J., Bańkowski W.: The experimental study of mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures with rubber powder addition. Construction and Building Materials, 226, 30, 2019, 759-766, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.07.276

Raschia S., Graziani A., Carter A., Perraton D.: Laboratory mechanical characterisation of cold recycled mixtures produced with different RAP sources. Road Materials and Pavement Design, 20, Sup. 1, 2019, S233-S246, DOI: 10.1080/14680629.2019.1588775

Miljković M., Poulikakos L., Piemontese F., Shakoorioskooie M., Lura P.: Mechanical behaviour of bitumen emulsion-cement composites across the structural transition of the co-binder system. Construction and Building Materials, 215, 2019, 217-232, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.04.169

Konieczna K., Pokorski P., Sorociak W., Radziszewski P., Żymełka D., Król J.B.: Study of the stiffness of the bitumen emulsion based cold recycling mixes for road base courses. Materials, 13, 23, 2020, ID article: 5473, DOI: 10.3390/ma13235473

Sangiorgi C., Tataranni P., Simone A., Vignali V., Lantieri C., Dondi G.: A laboratory and filed evaluation of cold recycled mixture for base layer entirely made with reclaimed asphalt pavement. Construction and Building Materials, 138, 2017, 232-239, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2017.02.004

Tebaldi G., Dave E., Hugener M., Falchetto A.C., Perraton D., Grilli A., Lo Presti D., Pasetto M., Loizos A., Jenkins K., Apeagyei A., Grenfell J., Bocci M.: Cold recycling of reclaimed asphalt pavements. Testing and characterization of sustainable innovative bituminous materials and systems RILEM. State-of-the-Art Reports, 2018, 239-296, DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-71023-5_6

Yang W., Ouyang J., Meng Y., Han B., Sha Y.: Effect of curing and compaction on volumetric and mechanical properties of cold-recycled mixture with asphalt emulsion under different cement contents. Construction and Building Materials, 297, 2021, ID article: 123699, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2021.123699

Dołżycki B.: Instrukcja projektowania i wbudowania mieszanek mineralno-cementowo-emulsyjnych (MCE). Politechnika Gdańska, 2019

Judycki J., Jaskuła P., Pszczoła M., Alenowicz J., Dołżycki B., Jaczewski M., Ryś D., Stienss M.: Katalog Typowych Konstrukcji Podatnych i Półsztywnych. Politechnika Gdańska, 2012

EN 12697-44:2019 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods – Part 44: Crack propagation by semi-circular bending test

Szydłowski C., Dołżycki B.: Ocena odporności na pękanie podbudów drogowych z mieszanek mineralno-cementowo-emulsyjnych (MCE). Materiały Budowlane, 10, 2017, 81-85, DOI: 10.15199/33.2017.10.28

EN 12697-31:2007 Bituminous mixtures – Test methods for hot mix asphalt – Specimen preparation by gyratory compactor

Lemaitre J.: A course on damage mechanics, Edition 2, Springer, 1996

Neimitz A.: Mechanika pękania. PWN, 1998

Lim I.L., Johnston I.W., Choi S.K.: Stress intensity factors for semi-circular specimens under three-point bending. Engineering Fracture Mechanics, 44, 3, 1993, 363-382, DOI: 10.1016/0013-7944(93)90030-V

Refining the Simple Performance Tester for Use in Routine Practice. NCHRP Report 614, National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine; Transportation Research Board; National Cooperative Highway Research Program, Washington, D.C., 2008, DOI: 10.17226/14158

Di Benedetto H., de La Roche C., Baaj H., Pronk A., Lundström R.: Fatigue of bituminous mixtures: different approaches and RILEM group contribution. 6th International RILEM Symposium on Performance Testing and Evaluation of Bituminous Materials, Zurich, 2003, DOI: 10.1617/2912143772.002


Analysis of selected mechanical properties of mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures (MCE)

  
Dołżycki, Bohdan et al. Analysis of selected mechanical properties of mineral-cement-emulsion mixtures (MCE). Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 1, p. 41-61, mar. 2023. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 May. 2024. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.023.003.