Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
22, 4, 2023, 387-398

Shear modulus and damping ratio of recycled concrete aggregate from cyclic torsional shear test

Katarzyna Gabryś Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0002-2039-6546
Warsaw University of Life Sciences, 159 Nowoursynowska St., 02-776 Warsaw
Published: 2023-12-30

Abstract

This study examines the small-strain dynamic properties of three mixtures of recycled concrete aggregate (RCA) using laboratory investigations typical of natural soils, namely cyclic torsional shear (CTS) tests. In order to construct two samples, crushed concrete curbs originating from a demolition site in Warsaw was employed. To create the third sample, crushed concrete from demolished buildings also Warsaw was used, mainly from concrete wall and floor elements. A series of CTS tests were performed to investigate the impact of various parameters, including confining pressure, excitation frequency, and number of vibration cycles on the G−modulus, Gmax−modulus, shear modulus degradation curve G(γ)/G<sub>max</sub>, D−ratio, D<sub>min</sub>−ratio, variation in damping curve D(γ)/D<sub>min</sub>. The resulting stiffness and damping characteristics of the analysed concrete aggregate were compared with those of natural gravel and sand aggregate – natural aggregate (NA). The results collected from the CTS tests indicate that the performance of most RCA is comparable to that of NA and can be used as an unbound granular material (UGM).

Keywords


anthropogenic soil, cyclic loading, damping, stiffness, waste material

Full Text:

PDF

References


 A Sustainable Industry for a Sustainable Europe. European Aggregates Association (UEPG), Brussels, Belgium, 2017

 Silva R.V., De Brito J., Dhir R.K.: Properties and composition of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste suitable for concrete production. Construction and Building Materials, 65, 2014, 201–217, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.04.117

 Cristelo N., Vieira C.S., De Lurdes Lopes M.: Geotechnical and geoenvironmental assessment of recycled construction and demolition waste for road embankments. Procedia Engineering, 143, 2016, 51–58, DOI: 10.1016/j.proeng.2016.06.007

 Herrador R., Pérez P., Garach L., Ordóñez J.: Use of recycled construction and demolition waste aggregate for road course surfacing. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 138, 2, 2012, 182–190, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000320

Da Conceição Leite F., Dos Santos Motta R., Vasconcelos K.L., Bernucci L.: Laboratory evaluation of recycled construction and demolition waste for pavements. Construction and Building Materials, 25, 2011, 2972–2979, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2010.11.105

Cardoso R., Silva R.V., De Brito J., Dhir R.: Use of recycled aggregates from construction and demolition waste in geotechnical applications: A literature review. Waste Management, 49, 2015, 131–145, DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2015.12.021

Herrador R., Pérez P., Garach L., Ordóñez J.: Use of recycled construction and demolition waste aggregate for road course surfacing. Journal of Transportation Engineering, 138, 2, 2012, 182–190, DOI: 10.1061/(ASCE)TE.1943-5436.0000320

Gabryś K., Sas W., Soból E., Głuchowski A.: Application of bender elements technique in testing of anthropogenic soil-recycled concrete aggregate and its mixture with rubber chips. Applied Sciences, 7, 7, 741, 2017, DOI: 10.3390/app7070741

Tam V.W.Y., Tam C.M.: Crushed Aggregates Production from Centralized Combined and Individual Waste Sources in Hong Kong. Construction and Building Materials, 21, 4, 2007, 879–886, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.12.016

Poon C.S., Chan D.: Feasible Use of Recycled Concrete Aggregates and Crushed Clay Brick as Unbound Road Sub-Base. Construction and Building Materials, 20, 8, 2006, 578–585, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.01.045

Gomez-Soberon J.M.V.: Porosity of Recycled Concrete with Substitution of Recycled Concrete Aggregate: An Experimental Study. Cement and Concrete Research, 32, 8, 2002, 1301–1311, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(02)00795-0

Courard L., Michel F., Delhez P.: Use of Concrete Road Recycled Aggregates for Roller Compacted Concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 24, 3, 2010, 390–395, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2009.08.040

Aurstad J., Aksnes J., Dahlhaug J.E., Berntsen G., Uthus N.: Unbound crushed concrete in high volume roads – a field and laboratory study. 5th International Conference on Research and Practical Applications Using Wastes and Secondary Materials in Pavement Engineering, 22–23 February 2006, Liverpool John Moores University, Liverpool 2006

Poon C.S., Chan D.: Paving Blocks Made with Recycled Concrete Aggregate and Crushed Clay Brick. Construction and Building Materials, 20, 8, 2006, 569–577, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2005.01.044

Papp W.J.J., Maher M.H., Bennert T.A., Gucunski N.: Behavior of Construction and Demolition Debris in Base and Subbase Applications. Geotechnical Special Publication, 79, 1998, 122–135

Bennert T., Papp W.J.J., Gucunski N.: Utilization of Construction and Demolition Debris under Traffic-Type Loading in Base and Subbase Applications. Transportation Research Record: Journal of the Transportation Research Board, 1714, 1, 2000, 33–39, DOI: 10.3141/1714-05

Ahmad M., Ray R.: The Dynamic Properties of Sand under Torsion: A Literature Review. Geotechnics, 3, 2, 2023, 480–514, DOI: 10.3390/geotechnics3020027

He H., Senetakis K.: A study of wave velocities and the Poisson ratio of recycled concrete aggregate. Soils and Foundations, 56, 4, 2016, 593–607, DOI: 10.1016/j.sandf.2016.07.002

He H., Senetakis K.: The effect of grain size on Gmax of a demolished structural concrete: A study through energy dispersive spectroscopy analysis and dynamic element testing. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 89, 2016, 208–218, DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2016.08.011

EN 206:2013+A2:2021/1M:2022 Concrete. Part 1: Requirements, Performance, Production and Conformity

Gabryś K., Šadzevičius R., Dapkienė M., Ramukevičius D., Sas W.: Effect of a Fine Fraction on Dynamic Properties of Recycled Concrete Aggregate as a Special Anthropogenic Soil. Materials, 16, 4, 4986, 2023, DOI: 10.3390/ma16144986

Ulsen C., Kahn H., Hawlitschek G., Masini E.A., Angulo S.C.: Separability studies of construction and demolition waste recycled sand. Waste Management, 33, 3, 2013, 656–662, DOI: 10.1016/j.wasman.2012.06.018

Gabryś K., Soból E., Sas W.: Physical, deformation, and stiffness properties of recycled concrete aggregate. Sustainability, 13, 8, 4245, 2021, DOI: 10.3390/su13084245

WT-4 Unbound Mix for National Roads. Technical Specifications, Directive No 102 of Polish General Director of National Roads and Motorways. Polish General Director of National Roads and Motorways, Warsaw, Poland, 2010

Pavements constructed with Clay, Natural Stone or Concrete – Pavers. Guide for the Design of Permeable Pavements Constructed with Concrete Paving Blocks and Flags, Natural Stone Slabs and Setts and Clay Pavers, BS 7533-13:2009. BSI, London, UK, 2009

AASHTO M 145-91 (2008) Standard Specification for Classification of Soils and Soil-Aggregate Mixtures for Highway Construction Purposes

PN-EN ISO 14688-1: 2018-05 Rozpoznanie i badania geotechniczne – Oznaczanie i klasyfikowanie gruntów – Część 1: Oznaczanie i opis

ASTM D698-12 (2008) Standard Test Methods for Laboratory Compaction Characteristics of Soil Using Standard Effort (12 400 ft-lbf/ft3 (600 kN-m/m3))

Sas W., Gabryś K., Szymański A.: Experimental studies of dynamic properties of Quaternary clayey soils. Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering, 95, 2017, 29–39, DOI: 10.1016/j.soildyn.2017.01.031

Gabryś K., Sas W., Soból E., Głuchowski A.: Torsional shear device for testing the dynamic properties of recycled material. Studia Geotechnica et Mechanica, 38, 4, 2016, 15–24, DOI: 10.1515/sgem-2016-0027

Ahmad M., Ray R.: Damping of Dry Sand in Resonant Column-Torsional Simple Shear Device. Sustainability, 15, 4, 2023, 11060, DOI: 10.3390/su151411060

Bai L.: Preloading Effects on Dynamic Sand Behavior by Resonant Column Tests. PhD Thesis. Technische Universitaet Berlin, 2011

Stokoe K.H., Darendeli M.B., Andrus R.D., Brown L.T.: Dynamic soil properties: laboratory, field and correlation studies. in: Proceedings of the second International Conference on Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering, Lisboa, Portugal, 21–25 June 1999. Balkema, 1999

Madhusudhan B.N., Senetakis K.: Evaluating use of resonant column in flexural mode for dynamic characterization of Bangalore sand. Soils and Foundations, 56, 3, 2016, 574–580, DOI: 10.1016/j.sandf.2016.04.021

Ishihara K.: Soil behavior in earthquake geotechnics. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 1996

Li J., Cui J., Shan Y., Li Y., Ju B.: Dynamic Shear Modulus and Damping Ratio of Sand-Rubber Mixtures under Large Strain Range. Materials, 13, 18, 4017, 2020, DOI: 10.3390/ma13184017

Hardin B.O., Drnevich V.P.: Shear Modulus and Damping in Soils: Measurement and Parameter Effects. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 98, 6, 1972, 603–624 DOI: 10.1061/JSFEAQ.0001756

Bolton M.D., Wilson J.M.R.: An Experimental and Theoretical Comparison between Static and Dynamic Torsional Soil Tests. Geotechnique, 39, 4, 1989, 585–599, DOI: 10.1680/geot.1989.39.4.585

Lo Presti D.C.F., Jamiolkowski M., Pallara O., Cavallaro A., Pedroni S.: Shear modulus and damping of soils. Géotechnique, 47, 3, 1997, 603–617, DOI: 10.1680/geot.1997.47.3.603

Silver M.L., Seed H.B.: Deformation Characteristics of Sands under Cyclic Loading. Journal of the Soil Mechanics and Foundations Division, 97, 8, 1971, 1081–1098, DOI: 10.1061/JSFEAQ.0001648

Camacho-Tauta J., Cascante G., Viana da Fonseca A., Santos J.A.: Time and frequency domain evaluation of bender element systems. Géotechnique, 65, 7, 2015, 548–562, DOI: 10.1680/geot.13.P.206

Nedeljković M., Visser J., Šavija B., Valcke S., Schlangen E.: Use of fine recycled concrete aggregates in concrete: A critical review. Journal of Building Engineering, 38, 102196, 2021, DOI: 10.1016/j.jobe.2021.102196


Shear modulus and damping ratio of recycled concrete aggregate from cyclic torsional shear test

  
Gabryś, Katarzyna. Shear modulus and damping ratio of recycled concrete aggregate from cyclic torsional shear test. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 4, p. 387-398, dec. 2023. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 17 Apr. 2024. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/RABDIM.023.021.