Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
22, 3, 2023, 259-273

Petrographic assessment of the occurrence of potentially alkali-reactive silica in post-glacial gravels of North-Western Poland and North-Eastern Germany

Andrzej K. Dubiniewicz Mail
Nicolaus Copernicus University in Toruń, Faculty of Earth Sciences and Spatial Management, Department of Geology and Hydrogeology, 1 Lwowska St., 87-100 Toruń
Published: 2023-09-30

Abstract

The paper presents the results of petrographic assessment of the occurrence of potentially alkali-reactive silica in gravels from post-glacial deposits located in north-western Poland and north-eastern Germany. The petrographic examination consisted in identifying alkali-reactive minerals and determining the form of their occurrence and content. The post-glacial gravels, which have a varied petrographic composition, are dominated by fragments of crystalline rocks. There are also fragments of lime- stones and sandstones, as well as lesser quantities of siliceous rocks and opal. Gravel grains contain various forms of reactive silica – opal, chalcedony, cryptocrystalline and microcrystalline quartz and strained quartz. Mineral components of the rocks displayed traces of secondary processes, mainly plagioclase kaolinitization and biotite chloritization. The post-glacial gravels were classified as potentially reactive according to the RILEM AAR-1 document. The conducted research confirmed that the petrographic examination is a method that allows one to quickly determine the presence of harmful components, however, when testing aggregates for alkali-reactivity, it should be used in conjunction with other methods.

Keywords


alkali-reactivity, petrographic examination, post-glacial gravels, reactive minerals, silica, secondary processes.

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Petrographic assessment of the occurrence of potentially alkali-reactive silica in post-glacial gravels of North-Western Poland and North-Eastern Germany

  
Dubiniewicz, Andrzej K.. Petrographic assessment of the occurrence of potentially alkali-reactive silica in post-glacial gravels of North-Western Poland and North-Eastern Germany. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 3, p. 259-273, sep. 2023. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 29 May. 2024. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.023.013.