Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty
22, 2, 2023, 119-139

Influence of partial replacement of cement CEM I 42.5R by milled limestone on the propeties of cement pastes and mortars

Ewelina Tkaczewska Mail
https://orcid.org/0000-0001-6871-3515
AGH University of Science and Technology, Faculty of Material Science and Ceramics, 30 Mickiewicza Av., 30-059 Cracov
Published: 2023-06-30

Abstract

Paper analyses the properties of cement pastes and mortars prepared with a mixture of Portland cement (PC) and milled limestone (ML) in the amount of 5%, 15%, 30%, 35%, 40% and 50% by weight. For cement pastes, the hydration heat, standard consistency and initial setting time were studied. For cement mortars, the compressive strength was determined. As the share of ML increases, the rate of hydration heat release decreases. Compared to control cement, cement with up to 35% ML shows similar initial setting time, while at the share of 40% and 50% ML the initial setting time is noticeably shortened. Cement containing 5% and 15% ML is in the strength class of 42.5R, while that with 30% and 35% ML is in the strength class of 32.5N. At 40% and 50% ML, cements do not meet the requirements of the PN-EN 197-1:2012 standard with respect to the strength class.

Keywords


compressive strength, hydration heat, initial setting time, milled limestone, Portland cement, standard consistency.

Full Text:

PDF PDF PDF

References


PN-EN 197-1:2012 Cement – Część 1: Skład, wymagania i kryteria zgodności dotyczące cementów powszechnego użytku

Taylor H.F.W.: Cement chemistry. Thomas Telford, London, 1997

Kurdowski W.: Chemia cementu i betonu. Springer, Warszawa, 2010

Andrew R., Peters G.P.: The Global Carbon Project’s fossil CO2 emissions dataset: 2021 release. CICERO Center for International Climate Research, Oslo, 2021

Bjegovic D., Strimer N., Serdar M.: Ecological aspects of concrete production. 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Ancona, 2010, 1483-1492

Müller C.: Środowiskowe i techniczne aspekty stosowania cementów mieszanych w betonach. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 5, 3, 2006, 43-72

Tkaczewska E.: The possibility of use of mixture of siliceous and calcareous fly ash for production of Portland-composite cement type CEM II/B-M (V-W) 52.5. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 19, 4, 2020, 267-282, DOI: 10.7409/rabdim.020.017

Synowiec K.: The influence of fly ash type on properties of cements composites. Engineering Transactions, 63, 2, 2015, 191-201

Giergiczny Z.: Popioły lotne – dodatek mineralny w produkcji cementu i betonu. Materiały Budowlane, 2, 1998, 59-61

Giergiczny Z., Piechówka M.: Wapień głównym składnikiem cementów portlandzkich wieloskładnikowych CEM II/A,B-M. Budownictwo Technologie Architektura, 2, 2011, 72-76

Ali A.H., Kandeel A.M., Ouda A.S.: Hydration characteristics of limestone filled cement pastes. Chemistry and Materials Research, 5, 2013, 68-73

Aqel M., Panesar D.K.: Physical and chemical effects of limestone filler on the hydration of steam cured cement paste and mortar. Revista ALCONPAT, 10, 2, 2020, 191-205, DOI: 10.21041/ra.v10i2.481

Dhandapani Y., Santhanam M., Kaladharan G., Ramanathan S.: Towards ternary binders involving limestone additions – A review. Cement and Concrete Research, 143, 2021, ID article: 106396, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2021.106396

Briki Y., Zając M., Ben Haha M., Scrivener K.: Impact of limestone fineness on cement hydration at early age. Cement and Concrete Research, 147, 2021, ID article: 106515, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2021.106515

Panesar D.K., Zhang R.: Performance comparison of cement replacing materials in concrete: Limestone fillers and supplementary cementing materials – A review. Construction and Building Materials, 251, 2020, ID article: 118866, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2020.118866

Batog M., Giergiczny Z.: Wapień w składzie kompozytów cementowych. Materiały Budowlane, 12, 2022, 123-128, DOI: 10.15199/33.2022.12.32

PN-EN 197-5:2021 Cement – Część 5: Cement portlandzki wieloskładnikowy CEM II/C-M i cement wieloskładnikowy CEM VI

Dąbrowski M., Małolepszy J.: Właściwości betonu z cementów żużlowo-wapiennych. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, 9, 4, 2010, 5-28

Kumar A., Oey T., Kim S., Thomas D., Badran S., Li J., Fernandes F., Neithalath N., Sant G.: Simple methods to estimate the influence of limestone fillers on reaction and property evolution in cementitious materials. Cement and Concrete Composites, 42, 2013, 20-29, DOI: 10.1016/J.CEMCONCOMP.2013.05.002

Knop A., Peled A., Cohen R.: Influences of limestone particle size distributions and contents on blended cement properties. Construction and Building Materials, 71, 2014, 26-34, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2014.08.004

Gutteridge W.A., Dalziel J.A.: Filler cement: The effect of the secondary component on the hydration of Portland cement: Part I. A fine non-hydraulic filler. Cement and Concrete Research, 20, 5, 1990, 778-782, DOI: 10.1016/0008-8846(90)90011-L

Berodier E., Scrivener K.: Understanding the filler effect on the nucleation and growth of C-S-H. Journal of the American Ceramic Society, 97, 12, 2014, 3764-3773, DOI: 10.1111/JACE.13177

Péra J., Husson S., Guilhot B.: Influence of finely ground limestone on cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Composites, 21, 2, 1999, 99-105, DOI: 10.1016/S0958-9465(98)00020-1

Ramachandran V.S., Zhang C.M.: Dependence of fineness of calcium carbonate on the hydration behaviour of tricalcium silicate. Durability of Building Materials, 4, 1986, 45-66

Stark J., Freyburg E., Löhmer K.: Investigations into the influence of limestone additions to Portland cement clinker phases on the early phase of hydration. In: Dhir R.K., Dyer T.D. (eds): Modern Concrete Materials: Binders, Additions and Admixtures, Thomas Telford Publishing, London, 1999, 69-77, DOI: 10.1680/mcmbaaa.28227

Lothenbach B., Le Saout G., Gallucci E., Scrivener K.: Influence of limestone on the hydration of Portland cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 38, 6, 2008, 848-860, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2008.01.002

Zając M., Rossberg A., Le Saout G., Lothenbach B.: Influence of limestone and anhydrite on the hydration of Portland cements. Cement and Concrete Research, 46, 2014, 99-108, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2013.11.007

Gołaszewski J., Cygan G., Gołaszewska M.: Analysis of the effect of various types of limestone as a main constituent of cement on the chosen properties of cement pastes and mortars. Archives of Civil Engineering, 65, 3, 2019, 75-86. DOI: 10.2478/ACE-2019-0035

Lin W.T., Cheng A., Černý R.: Effect of limestone powder on strength and permeability of cementitious mortars. MATBUD’2020 – Scientific-Technical Conference: E-mobility, Sustainable Materials and Technologies. MATEC Web of Conferences, Kraków, 322, 2020, ID article: 01009, DOI: 10.1051/matecconf/202032201009

Boubekeur T., Boulekbache B., Aoudjane K., Ezziane K., Kadri E.H.: Prediction of the durability performance of ternary cement containing limestone powder and ground granulated blast furnace slag. Construction and Building Materials, 209, 2019, 215-221, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2019.03.120

Chłądzyński S.: Odporność cementu na agresję siarczanową w świetle badań długoterminowych. Konferencja „Dni Betonu”, Wisła, 2002

Chen C.T., Yang W.C.: Mitigation of alkali-silica reaction in mortar with limestone addition and carbonation. Third International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Kyoto, 2013

Król A., Giergiczny Z., Kuterasińska-Warwas J.: Properties of concrete made with low-emission cements CEM II/C-M and CEM VI. Materials, 13, 10, 2020, ID article: 2257, DOI: 10.3390/ma13102257

Kahraman E., Ozdemir A.C.: The prediction of durability to freeze-haw of limestone aggregates using machine- -learning techniques. Construction and Building Materials, 324, 2022, ID article: 126678, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2022.126678

Puerta Falla G.L.: Reactive limestone as a strategy towards low-clinker factor cements. UCLA Electronic Theses and Dissertations, University of California, Los Angeles, 2016

Ramezanianpour A.A., Ghiasvand E., Nickseresht I., Moodi F., Kamel M.E.: Engineering properties and durability of concretes containing limestone cements. 2nd International Conference on Sustainable Construction Materials and Technologies, Ancona, 2010

Thongsanitgarn P., Wongkeo W., Sinthupinyo S., Chaipanich A.: Effect of limestone powders on compressive strength and setting time of Portland-limestone cement pastes. Advanced Materials Research, 343-344, 2011, 322-326, DOI: 10.4028/www.scientific.net/AMR.343-344.322

Voglis N., Kakali G., Chaniotakis E., Tsivilis S.: Portland-limestone cements. Their properties and hydration compared to those of other composite cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 27, 2, 2005, 191-196, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2004.02.006

Di Salvo Barsi A., Marchetti G., Trezza M.A., Irassar E.F.: Carbonate rocks as fillers in blended cements: Physical and mechanical properties. Construction and Building Materials, 248, 2020, ID article: 118697, DOI: 10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2020.118697

Jiang D., Li X., Lv Y., Zhou M., He C., Jiang W., Liu Z., Li C.: Utilization of limestone powder and fly ash in blended cement: Rheology, strength and hydration characteristics. Construction and Building Materials, 232, 2020, ID article: 117228, DOI: 10.1016/J.CONBUILDMAT.2019.117228

Tsivilis S., Chaniotakis E., Kakali G., Batis G.: An analysis of the properties of Portland limestone cements and concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 24, 3-4, 2002, 371-378, DOI: 10.1016/S0958-9465(01)00089-0

PN-EN 196-2:2006 Metody badania cementu – Część 2: Analiza chemiczna cementu

PN-EN 13639:2017-11 Oznaczanie całkowitej zawartości węgla organicznego w wapieniu

PN-EN 196-6:2011 Metody badania cementu – Część 6: Oznaczanie stopnia zmielenia

PN-EN 196-3:2011 Metody badania cementu – Część 3: Oznaczanie czasów wiązania i stałości objętości

PN-EN 196-3:2011 Metody badania cementu – Część 3: Oznaczanie czasów wiązania i stałości objętości

Lea F.M.: The chemistry of cement and concrete. Edward Arnold Ltd., London, 1983

Bogue R.H.: The chemistry of Portland cement. Reinhold Publishing Corporation, New York, 1947

Bogue R.H.: Calculation of the compounds in Portland cement. Industrial and Engineering Chemistry, 1, 4, 1929, 192-197, DOI: 10.1021/ac50068a006

Ingram K.D., Daugherty K.E.: A review of limestone additions to Portland cement and concrete. Cement and Concrete Composites, 13, 3, 1991, 165-170, DOI: 10.1016/0958-9465(91)90016-B

Brzaković P.: Priručnik za proizvodnju i primjenu građevinskih materijala nemetaličnog porijekla, knjige 1. Orion Art, Belgrad, 2000 (in Serbian)

Đukić D., Lazić D., Drljaca D., Imamović M.: Characterization of raw materials and final product in the cement production. Bulletin of the Chemists and Technologists of Bosnia and Herzegovina, 51, 2018, 47-52

Lee S.T., Hooton R.D., Jung H.S., Park D.H., Choi C.S.: Effect of limestone filler on the deterioration of mortars and pastes exposed to sulfate solutions at ambient temperature. Cement and Concrete Research, 38, 1, 2008, 68-76, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2007.08.003

El-Didamony H., El-Alfi E.S.: Addition of limestone in the low heat Portland cement part 2. Ceramics – Silikáty, 44, 4, 2000, 146-150

Grzeszczyk S., Jankowska-Renkas E.: Wpływ mączki wapiennej jako mikrowypełniacza w cemencie na ciepło twardnienia. Fizyka Budowli w Teorii i Praktyce, 1, 2005, 111-117

Bullerjahn F., Boehm-Courjault E., Zając M., Ben Haha M., Scrivener K.: Hydration reactions and stages of clinker composed mainly of stoichiometric ye'elimite. Cement and Concrete Research, 116, 2019, 120-133, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2018.10.023

Livesey P.: Performance of limestone-filled cements. International Conference on Blended Cements in Construction, Univesity of Sheffield, UK, 1991

Kakali G., Tsivilis S., Aggeli E., Bati M.: Hydration products of C3A, C3S and Portland cement in the presence of CaCO3. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, 7, 2000, 1073-1077, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00292-1

Péra J., Husson S., Guilhot B.: Influence of finely ground limestone on cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Composites, 21, 2, 1999, 99-105, DOI: 10.1016/S0958-9465(98)00020-1

Matschei T., Lothenbach B., Glasser F.P.: The role of calcium carbonate in cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 4, 2007, 551-558, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.10.013

De Weerdt K., Kjellsen K.O., Sellevold E., Justnes H.: Synergy between fly ash and limestone powder in ternary cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 33, 1, 2011, 30-38, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconcomp.2010.09.006

Hoshino S., Yamada K., Hirao H.: XRD/Rietveld analysis of the hydration and strength development of slag and limestone blended cement. Journal of Advanced Concrete Technology, 4, 3, 2006, 357-367, DOI: 10.3151/jact.4.357

PN-B-19707:2003 Cement. Cement specjalny. Skład, wymagania i kryteria zgodności

Tsivilis S., Chaniotakis E., Badogiannis E., Pahoulas G., Ilias A.: A study on the parameters affecting the properties of Portland limestone cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 21, 2, 1999, 107-116, DOI: 10.1016/S0958-9465(98)00031-6

Vuk T., Tinta V., Gabrovšek R., Kaučič V.: The effects of limestone addition, clinker type and fineness on properties of Portland cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 31, 1, 2001, 135-139, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00427-0

Gupta S., Mohapatra B.N., Bansal M.: A review on development of Portland limestone cement: A step towards low carbon economy for Indian cement industry. Current Research in Green and Sustainable Chemistry, 3, 2020, ID article: 100019, DOI: 10.1016/J.CRGSC.2020.100019

Tsivilis S., Batis G., Chaniotakis E., Grigoriadis G., Theodossis D.: Properties and behavior of limestone cement concrete and mortar. Cement and Concrete Research, 30, 10, 2000, 1679-1683, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(00)00372-0

Ezziane K., Kadri E.H., Hallal A., Duval R.: Effect of mineral additives on the setting of blended cement by the maturity method. Materials and Structrures, 43, 2010, 393-401, DOI: 10.1617/S11527-009-9498-7

Moon G.D., Oh S., Jung S.H., Choi Y.C.: Effects of the fineness of limestone powder and cement on the hydration and strength development of PLC concrete. Construction and Building Materials, 135, 2017, 129-136, DOI: 10.1016/j.conbuildmat.2016.12.189

Soroka I., Stern N.: Calcareous fillers and the compressive strength of portland cement. Cement and Concrete Research, 6, 3, 1976, 367-376, DOI: 10.1016/0008-8846(76)90099-5

Matschei T., Lothenbach B., Glasser F.P.: The role of calcium carbonate in cement hydration. Cement and Concrete Research, 37, 4, 2007, 551-558, DOI: 10.1016/j.cemconres.2006.10.013

Tsivilis S., Tsantilas J., Kakali G., Chaniotakis E., Sakellariou A.: The permeability of Portland limestone cement concrete. Cement and Concrete Research, 33, 9, 2003, 1465-1471, DOI: 10.1016/S0008-8846(03)00092-9

Kenai S., Soboyejo W., Soboyejo A.: Some engineering properties of limestone concrete. Materials and Manufacturing Processes, 19, 5, 2004, 949-961, DOI: 10.1081/AMP-200030668

Baran T., Francuz P.: Określenie współczynnika korelacji pomiędzy ciepłem hydratacji a wytrzymałością cementu. Konferencja „Dni Betonu”, Wisła, 2016

Chłądzyński S.: Cementy wieloskładnikowe w budownictwie. Wydawnictwo Polski Cement, Kraków, 2008

Tsivilis S., Chaniotakis E., Badogiannis E., Pahoulas G., Ilias A.: A study on the parameters affecting the properties of Portland limestone cements. Cement and Concrete Composites, 21, 2, 1999, 107-116. DOI: 10.1016/S0958-9465(98)00031-6

Xiao J., Gou C.F., Jin Y.G., Wang Y.H.: Effect of CaCO3 on hydration characteristics of C3A. Journal of Central South University of Technology, 17, 2010, 918-923. DOI: 10.1007/s11771-010-0577-2

Giergiczny Z., Piechówka M., Sokołowski M.: Kamień wapienny składnikiem cementu. X Sympozjum Naukowo-Techniczne „Reologia w Technologii Betonu”, Gliwice, 2008, 45-59


Influence of partial replacement of cement CEM I 42.5R by milled limestone on the propeties of cement pastes and mortars

  
Tkaczewska, Ewelina. Influence of partial replacement of cement CEM I 42.5R by milled limestone on the propeties of cement pastes and mortars. Roads and Bridges - Drogi i Mosty, [S.l.], v. 22, n. 2, p. 119-139, jun. 2023. ISSN 2449-769X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 28 Feb. 2024. doi:http://dx.doi.org/10.7409/rabdim.023.006.