Published: 2024-07-08

Influence of particle breakage on bulk density of dynamically compacted coarse aggregates

Karol Brzeziński , Maciej Maślakowski , Kazimierz Józefiak


The article presents the first discrete element method (DEM) simulations of dynamic compaction in the Proctor test. The aim of the simulations was to analyze the influence of particle breakage on the density of intensely compacted granular assembly. Results from simulations and laboratory tests were compared. Simulations with non-breakable aggregates enabled separation of the influence of change in particle size distribution and particle rearrangement. Both factors play an essential role in increasing the bulk density of the sample in the case of the tested (gap-graded) aggregate. Simulations with breakable particles reproduce the laboratory tests results better, both qualitatively and quantitatively. The conclusions provide a better understanding of the aggregate compaction process, which is crucial for developing novel compaction strategies and minimizing the environmental impact of the construction process.


aggregate compaction, DEM, Discrete Element Modeling, particle breakage, Proctor test

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Brzeziński, K., Maślakowski, M., & Józefiak, K. (2024). Influence of particle breakage on bulk density of dynamically compacted coarse aggregates. Roads and Bridges - Drogi I Mosty, 23(2), 179–201.

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