Published: 2024-04-10

Unmanned aerial vehicles in the road safety system

Katarzyna Bolz , Gabriel Nowacki


The article presents the potential uses of drones in road safety systems, as predicted based on the ongoing evolution of the unmanned technologies. Requirements pertaining to users (operators) of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV) in the context of road safety are presented. The research problem was formulated based on experience and research on UAVs operating above roads, intersection and in traffic collision/accident areas. An analysis of opportunities and threats of usage of UAVs in road safety was performed. An attempt was made to identify the means of shaping legal and criminal awareness of users, along with an analysis of remedial measures that had been introduced. A concept of safe flow of UAVs in the airspace was described. An attempt was made to evaluate the potential for support of the road safety system by using specialized UAVs. The performed research indicates that usage of drones in road safety systems will enable real-time identification of traffic with very high precision (high-resolution cameras), including identification of vehicles, pedestrians and cyclists, verification of vehicle speed, determination of queue lengths at intersections, determination of traffic volume, detection of traffic violations, identification of high-risk locations and warning drivers about potential threats.


contemporary threats, drone highway, road safety, social awareness, UAV.

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Bolz, K., & Nowacki, G. (2024). Unmanned aerial vehicles in the road safety system. Roads and Bridges - Drogi I Mosty, 23(1), 73–98.

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